The Great Crested
breeds east of the Rocky Mountains in
the United States
and in some southern portions of Canada.
Great Crested Flycatchers inhabit mature deciduous
and mixed deciduous-coniferous
forests, preferring to nest in the
clearings and edges of wooded areas,
orchards, parks, swamps and cultivated
areas scattered with trees. The breeding
season may begin anywhere from mid-March
to mid-June, depending upon the latitude.
Often competing with European Starlings
for nest sites, Great Crested Flycatchers
nest in deep, natural tree cavities,
deserted woodpecker holes and nest boxes.
Nests are found in a variety of tree
species from 3 to 70 feet above the
ground, although most are below 20 feet.
Great Crested Flycatchers exhibit extreme
and return to the same nest site season
are fairly common, and in some places
quite abundant, throughout most of the
western United States and Mexico.
The breeding range extends as far north
as far east as central Texas,
and as far south as central Mexico.
Ash-throated Flycatchers are generalists
when it comes to breeding habitat. They
breed in chaparral,
mesquite thickets, oak scrub, dry plains
spotted with trees or cacti, deserts, and
open deciduous and riparian woodlands.
Ash-throated Flycatchers arrive on the
breeding grounds as early as March in
Texas and California,
April in New Mexico,
and May in Washington. It is unknown how
soon after they arrive that they begin to
breed, but egg dates show that breeding
can begin as early as mid-March in
southern California and May in Arizona
and Texas. Ash-throated Flycatchers are
as indiscriminate about nest sites as
they are about breeding habitat. Nests
are found 3 to 20 feet off the ground in
natural cavities, including tree
cavities, hollow stumps, cacti, abandoned
woodpecker holes, and behind loose bark.
Nests can also be nestled in the dry
floral stems of yucca or
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